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Submitted: 07 May 2020
Accepted: 28 Jul 2020
ePublished: 30 Dec 2020
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Avicenna J Pharm Res. 2020;1(2): 82-86.
doi: 10.34172/ajpr.2020.15
  Abstract View: 175
  PDF Download: 149

Review Article

An Overview of the Various Uses of Ephedra distachya L. from the Past to the Present

Mansureh Ghavam 1*, Zeinab Soleimaninejad 1

1 Department of Range and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth Sciences, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
*Corresponding author: Mansureh Ghavam, Department of Range and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth Sciences, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran Email: mansurehghavam@ gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Nowadays, many people believe in traditional medicines and use them for different diseases. Knowledge of medicinal plants and traditional medicine has been practiced for centuries through trial and error, and many important treatments for the disease have been passed down from one generation to the next. Ephedra is a valuable plant and has been used to treat diseases since ancient times. Accordingly, this study aims to comprehensively introduce Ephedra distachya L. in traditional medicine.

Methods: In this review study, databases such as Google Scholar, SID, Scopus, and books on medicinal plants in Persian and English languages were searched to collect data. The keywords included “ephedra”, “traditional medicine”, “goat’s beard”, and “medicinal plants”.

Results: Many resources highlighted the importance of using ephedra due to its useful properties. Experimental studies in traditional medicine show the effect of this plant in the prevention of diseases, such as asthma and bronchitis.

Conclusion: Considering the beneficial effects of ephedra and scientific evidence about its effects, further studies are needed to better understand the use of this plant in traditional medicine.

Keywords: Ephedra, Traditional medicine, Medicinal plants, Hoom, Ephedrine

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